A group of African legislators representing all five sub-regions of the continent are drafting a petition calling on the United Nations to reform and give Africa a permanent seat on the UN Security Council (UNSC).

Currently the UNSC has 15 members of which five are permanent while 10 are non-permanent. The permanent members are Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, the victorius nations of World War II when formation of the UN was being deliberated upon.

Currently, Angola, Egypt, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Senegal, Spain, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela are holding two-year non-permanent terms. The non-permanent membership is rotational with election to fill five of the seats held every two years.

Addressing the media at the National Theatre here Tuesday, the Executive Chairman of the African Parliamentary Alliance for UN Reforms (APAUNR), Kakoba Onyango, said he had formed a ten-member committee to draft the petition which is aimed at supporting the efforts of the African Union (AU) to seek a permanent seat for Africa on the UNSC.

In 2005, the AU put in place a committee of ten heads of state (the C-10) to champion the African Common Position on UNSC Reform tho see that Africa is represented as a permanent member in the council as enunciated by the Ezulwini Consensus.

The Ezulwini Consensus was adopted in 2005 by the AU executive council, calling for a more representative and democratic UNSC in which Africa like all other world regions is represented on a permanent basis.

Onyango who is the former Member of Parliament (MP) for Buikwe North, said that the petition will require at least 10 million signatures from Africans across the continent.

He explained that in order to generate these signatures, they are starting a 'barefoot walk' campaign to inform African states about the need for a permanent representation in the UNSC and ask them to sign the petition, calling upon the UN to reform and include Africa in the permanent membership.


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